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What is the process to become a U.S. citizen?

On Behalf of | Mar 11, 2024 | Immigration Policies |

Becoming a US citizen is a significant milestone for many immigrants. It offers a sense of belonging and opens up a range of opportunities.

While the process can seem daunting, understanding the steps involved can help simplify the journey to citizenship.

Determine eligibility

The first step towards becoming a U.S. citizen is to determine if you are eligible. Generally, you must have had a green card for at least five years, or three years if your spouse is a citizen. You must also be at least 18 years old and be able to speak, read and write basic English.

File Form N-400

You will have to complete Form N-400, the Application for Naturalization. This form asks for basic information about your background, family and immigration history. It also requires you to provide evidence of your green card and other relevant identifying and background documents. You must also pay the application fee.

Complete an interview

After submitting your application, you will attend an interview with a US Citizenship and Immigration Services officer. The officer will ask you questions about your application and your eligibility for citizenship. They will also test your knowledge of English and U.S. civics.

Attend the oath ceremony

Once the USCIS approves your application, you will attend a naturalization oath ceremony. Here, you take an oath of allegiance to the United States. You also renounce allegiance to any other country. You will also receive a Certificate of Naturalization, which officially makes you a U.S. citizen.

It is important to note that the process of becoming a citizen can vary depending on your individual circumstances. Some applicants, such as members of the military or spouses of US citizens, may be eligible for expedited or special consideration.


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